31 July 2018 - Black and White Moths

Ypsolopha sequella

The heavy rains this weekend were welcome after such a long dry spell, and I swear I could hear the entire garden breathe a deep sigh of relief. Ever dutiful to our moth-catching responsibilities, Patrick and I did not let the winds or rain deter us from setting up a trap on both Friday and Sunday nights. The process was a bit more involved, requiring us to set up a tent around the trap to protect it and the creatures inside from a watery doom. But in the end all was well, and as I write this post the sun reigns over Shandy Hall once again, and I’ve a few interesting moths to talk about.

This moth is Ypsolopha sequella, a perky and energetic little fellow who hasn’t visited the garden since September 2012. Its calico-like pattern is striking, and when we caught it in a tube it did a series of impressive jumps and flips. It is fairly common across Britain, despite its long absence from Shandy Hall, and lives in woodlands feeding on Field Maple and occasionally Sycamore. Ypsolopha means high-crested, while sequella means ‘following’ or ‘next,’ for no discernable reason other than it might have been ‘the next’ moth for Clerck to discover.
Marbled Beauty (Cryphia domestica)

Another moth was the Marbled Beauty (Cryphia domestica), a delicate insect with a strong, intricate pattern. It feeds on lichens growing on rocks, walls, roofs and trees, and it often associated with old buildings and urban areas even though it also inhabits open country, orchards, calcareous woods and coastal cliffs. Its name is charming, with Cryphia meaning ‘hidden’ or ‘secret’ from the cryptic pattern on its forewings, and domestica means ‘belonging to the house,’ from its tendency to eat the lichen growing on houses.

Sunday night’s trap was not at all fruitful –perhaps because of the dropping temperatures, strong winds and relentless rains— and there is not much to report from it. There were a handful of moths, the most numerous being Garden Grass Veneers, Footmen (of both the Common and Melon Seed variety), and Dun-bars.

So, not the most exciting start to my final week at Shandy Hall –but I’m happy just to have seen some rain before I go.

26 July 2018 - A Misfit Moth

Antler (Cerapteryx graminis) 

First, I must apologize for the lack of activity on the blog: due to some unfortunate and unforeseeable computer problems, I am left forlorn and laptopless as my time at Shandy Hall begins to end. Secondly, I must apologize on behalf of all humanity, for the lack of moths in the gardens: climate change and rising temperatures have caused many caterpillars’ foodplants to dry up, in addition to the continual loss of natural habitats. So I’ll present you today with a collection of a few particular moths from the traps we’ve been setting this past week. 

We’ve been getting quite a few Antler Moths (Cerapteryx graminis) recently, a favourite of mine because of its good-looking, woodsy charm. Its markings are distinctive and beautiful, and look almost exactly like the skeletal horns for which it’s named. The Antler Moth resides in grasslands, mainly open country and pastures, and feeds on hard-bladed grasses, including Sheep’s-fescue, Mat-grass and purple Moor-grass. Both its vernacular and scientific names are extremely literal: Cerapteryx comes from keras meaning ‘horn’ and graminis means simply ‘grass.’

Agapeta zoegana

A moth that I almost missed because of its similarity to Agapeta hamana is the Agapeta zoegana, a vibrant yellow creature with poignant golden brown marks. Agapeta means beloved/ desirable from its beautiful appearance and zoegana is the name of the Swiss entomologist who discovered it, who happened to be a pupil of Linnaeus. So, this moth is a member of an esteemed legacy of entomologists. Lucky little moth!

Acleris forsskaleana

Another common but attractive moth is the Acleris forsskaleana. This moth has yellow forewings and has funky reddish-brown, net-like patterns. Its habitat is extremely wide-spread and can be found in woodland, scrub, hedgerows, parks, orchards, and gardens –really anywhere as long as it can get its fix of Field Maple and Sycamore. Acleris means ‘unallotted’ and is a genus set up to accommodate species who don’t fit in anywhere else; a genus of misfits.

So that’s it for this week’s lepidopterist roundup! A bit of a hodgepodge, but these moths all deserve some time in the spotlight. Cheers!

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn student]

17 July 2018 - The Moth to the Flame

(Acrobasis adventella)

In Friday’s trap there were quite a few unfamiliar moths, but it turned out none were new to the garden.

A visitor of note, however, was Acrobasis adventella: a very interesting moth, if only for its name. The genus Acrobasis comes from the word “akron” meaning a point, or a step which is stepped on, a base. The moth is so described because of the horny tooth at the apex of the scape (the basal segment) of the antenna. This moth is sometimes, but less frequently referred to as Trachycera adventella. Trachycera is an all but extinct genus that similarly refers to the rough, raised tufts on the forewings of some moths. Adventella, on the other hand, means 'stranger' and is so named because of its rarity in the region where it was discovered. It is fairly common in England, however.

Crimson and Gold (Pyrausta purpuralis)

I went away this weekend, and didn’t think much about the moths, but when I returned on Monday it turned out Patrick had set a trap the night before and as I sifted through the egg cartons, I saw an unfamiliar and richly-colored moth that was not just new to me, but new to all at Shandy Hall! The Common Purple and Gold, or (Pyrausta purpuralis), is a deep purple moth that flies during both the day and at night, and can be found across Britain. It prefers dry grassland and chalky downland habitats, as its larvae feed on corn mint (Mentha arvensis) and thyme (Thymus).

Crimson and Gold [illustration]

This moth belongs to the genus that gets singed in the candle flame; Pyrausta literally means 'to kindle a fire'. Pliny applied this name to an unknown insect that was supposed to live in fire, however ironically most of the moths in this species are day-fliers and are rarely attracted to light. Purpuralis simply means purple, from the color on its forewings. However, in Humphreys and Westwood, the moth is referred to as a Crimson and Gold, and the illustration paints the moth much darker than it appears in reality. 

And with that new visitor the garden count is up to 433 moths!

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

12 July 2018 - Golden Argent

(Argyresthia goedartella)

With the sun still unrelenting, the trap this past Monday was teeming with agitated insects of all kinds: bees, beetles, flies, mosquitoes and, of course, moths. Amongst all these creatures hidden amongst the egg cartons, there was an extra surprise - a new moth! So now we’re up to a satisfying 432 species recorded in the garden at Shandy Hall. 

This shiny little newcomer is called Argyresthia goedartella and with those neon orange scales overlaid upon a white “y” shaped pattern, it looks like a traffic cone warning all predators to 'Stay Away'. The larvae feed on catkin and in the springtime they congregate under bark where they will eventually pupate. Argyresthia means “silver dress” from the metallic gloss on its forewings; goedartella is given in homage to the Dutch entomologist, J. Goedart. 

Although this moth is new to the garden it has been mentioned on the blog once before when it was found in a trap we set in the Yorkshire Museum Gardens in August 2015..

July Highflyer (Hydriomena furcata)

The July Highflyer (Hydriomena furcata) is very variable in color and patterns, but this one is a beautifully marked and a deep, rich green color. Hydromenia means “to remain in a water-pot,” while a furca is a two pronged fork referring to the markings on the wings.

(Aethes rubigana)

While the days are still very hot, the nights are relatively cool and the trap on Wednesday morning turned out to contain only a handful of different species, only one of which was new to me: the Aethes rubigana. Aethes means unusual or strange, most likely because yellow is an uncommon color in the Tortricoidea family; rubigana comes from the rusty looking markings on the wings.

All in all not a bad week for the moths at Shandy Hall –all 432 species.

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

11 July 2018 - Beware the Dun-bar

Dun-bar (Cosmia trapezina)

The weather has been treacherously, dangerously dry these past two weeks and if rain doesn’t come soon plants in the garden could be in serious trouble. The moths, however, have not yet seemed to notice the looming catastrophe and are still visiting the garden in considerable numbers.

Just like the Udea olivalis, the Dun-bar (Cosmia trapezina) is not new to the garden, but has yet to be featured on the blog. This is most likely because it is a common moth and no one thought to make it a headliner before now – but finally the Dun-bar will have its day! 
The one in the photograph is a little worn - that orange bald patch is normally covered over. 

This moth is an extremely variable species, with colors ranging from earthy-yellow to dark brown. In our trap we had a greenish individual, as well as an orangey rust colored one that was rather worn. Its name is quite literal: Cosima comes from the word “kosmios” meaning well-ordered, from the attractive appearance of the species in the genus; trapezina refers to the quadrilateral shape on its forewings. The Dun-bar usually sticks to a healthy, vegetarian diet of deciduous trees –however, the moth can turn freaky fast, being known to turn cannibalistic on the larvae of other moths and even its own when in captivity.

Dun-bar [illustration]

In this photo of a drawing from Humphreys and Westwood, we can see the little heads of some caterpillars peeking up underneath the Dun-bar – not the safest spot for them considering the Dun-bar’s dark proclivities. Watch out little caterpillars!

Common Rustic (Mesapamea secalis)

We also had either a Common Rustic (Mesapamea secalis) or a Lesser Common Rustic (Mesapamea didyma); the two can only be reliably identified through dissection –and you know our feelings on that. (It turns out to be a Common Rustic...on the best authority.)

Yellow Tail (Euproctis similia)

Finally, here’s a picture of a bright and bushy Yellow Tail (Euproctis similis). This moth has been featured on the blog plenty of times before, but I can’t resist this fluffy, funny-looking little creature. 

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

9 July 2018 - Olive Tree Moth

Udea 0livalis
Over the past few weeks, the traps have been increasingly populated with a micro moth called Udea olivalis. This moth is common to the garden yet has never before been featured on the blog. Udea comes from a word meaning “surface of the earth” because the larvae feed on low-growing plants and the adults are often found in rough pasture; olivalis is a bit of a mystery: the word means olive tree, but we aren’t quite sure what is the moth's relation to the plant. Is it the foodplant? Is it the color? As is sometimes the case with moths, we simply don’t know.

Udea prunalis
In this most recent trap, a cousin of the Udea olivalis managed to sneak in: Udea prunalis. This moth looks almost exactly like Udea olivalis, except it’s a slightly different color and has dark markings on its wings instead of white ones. Unlike olivalis, it is known that this moth feeds on blackthorn, which coincidentally is also the meaning of prunalis. When shown side by side, the family resemblance is really uncanny! 

Udea olivalis [illustration]

It is common in the moth world for names to change and alter over time, as there is no unifying body presiding over all lepidopterists. In Humphreys & Westwood, these moths are referred to by different names than those of the present day: olivalis is called the White Brindled, or Margaritia olivalis; prunalis is called the Clouded Pearl, or Margaritia prunalis. Margaritia is a genus that means “a pearl,” but this is no longer in use. This family of moths no longer has vernacular names, being identified only by their scientific titles.

Udea prunalis [illustration]

So keep your eyes to the surface of the earth, in order to catch these little moths in action!

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

4 July 2018 - Gemstones and Inkblots

Buff Arches (Habrosyne pyritoides)

The trap was filled to the brim with moths this morning –each and every one of them brilliant in their own way. However, because of their magnificence, nearly every moth has already been featured on the blog! What’s a young lepidopterist to do?! I suppose I’ll just have to barrage you with photographs of these eye-catching creatures; I guarantee they are worth looking at again.
To me the Buff Arches (Habrosyne pyritoides) looks like a marbled gemstone, with rusty mineral deposits rising from its forewings. It is one of the prettiest, most subdued moths around, being fairly common in southern Britain. Its larvae feed on bramble.

Clouded Border (Lomaspilis marginata)

The Clouded Border (Lomaspilis marginata) is a different kind of beauty: it’s very nearly a piece of living modern art. Two former UPenn interns described it looking like a Rorschach test, and I have to agree that this moth does look like an inkblot. 

Clouded Border [illustration

However, as we can see from the illustration in Humphreys & Westwood, the moths actually have quite distinctive and particular markings.

Large Fruit-tree Tortrix (Archips podana)

Additionally, a Large Fruit-tree Tortix (Archips podana) re-appeared in the trap after one flew away before I could photograph last week. This micro has the pink and purple hues of a slow sunset. The one shown here is a male, as the sexual dimorphism between the sexes of this the moth are very pronounced, with the males being much more colorful and decorated.

Eucosma cana

And finally, there were two Eucosma cana moths. These moths are so thin and nimble, and have such delicate markings on them. 

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

1 July 2018 - Moth from the Underworld

Varied Coronet (Hadena compta)
Last Friday was another National Garden Scheme open evening –and what a beautiful evening it was! As the day cooled off, a handful of visitors gathered in the garden to learn more about those tiny, elusive creatures fluttering throughout their gardens at night. And because of the heat, we had a nice variety of moths to showcase to them –including our fourth new moth to the garden this summer!

The beauty above is called the Varied Coronet (Hadena compta). It’s a relatively new moth to England: it arrived in the southeast in the 1940s and has been slowly making its way across the Isles since then. The Varied Coronet mainly feeds on sweet william and bladder campion, however neither of these plants grow in the garden; we can assume that this individual blew in from a nearby village. Its scientific name is quite interesting: Hadena comes from 'Hades' and compta means 'adorned', from its attractive pattern and colors. I’m not sure why moths in this genus are compared to Hades, the Greek god of the Underworld, and frankly I’m not sure I want to…

Beautiful Hook-tip (Laspeyria flexula)

While the Varied Coronet was the only newcomer this time, there were still other stunners in the catch such as this Beautiful Hook-tip (Laspeyria flexula). This moth is somewhat scarce in the north, but can be found locally over the southern half of Britain. Its habitat is varied and consists of woodlands, parks, gardens, and orchards. Illustrated in Humphreys and Westwood, but under a different name: Ennomos flexula

Beautiful Hook-tip (illustration)

We also had a glistening Ghost Moth (Hepialus humuli), freshly hatched, and looking to me like a Swift that was coated in a thick, white gloss. 

Ghost Moth (illustration)

The rest of the trap consisted of an array of interesting moths, including both variants of the Riband Wave, a delicate Small Yellow Wave, and two vivid Small Elephant Hawk-moths. 
We are now up to a total of 431 species at Shandy Hall, and I can’t wait to see if and how that number will change in the next month!

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

29 June 2018 - Ash Bud Moth

Bee Moth (Aphomia sociella)

Last Monday's catch brought a number of moths that were new to me and it took me many hours, leafing through books and consulting the internet, to identify them all.  Wednesday's catch was a bit smaller but still gave us a few different species - and a new moth to the garden.

The Bee Moth (Aphomia sociella) is a common moth, but one with interesting habits and behaviors. Like the Gold Swifts from last week, the males and females are sexually dimorphic –meaning that the males are more brightly colored and patterned than the females. They get the title “bee moth” because their larvae feed on the combs inside bee and wasp nests. Its scientific name is interesting and confusing: Aphomia means “unlike” a genus for species differing sufficiently to warrant separation, while sociella means associating together because of the social habits of the larvae.

The rest of this catch consisted of over 25 individual species, including the Light Emerald, Burnished Brass, Common Footman, and Barred Yellow among many other familiar faces. It wasn’t until Wednesday that a new guy would arrive…

Ash Bud Moth (Prays fraxinella)

This little one was a real menace and I spent hours upon hours trying to figure him out to no avail. He was no match for Charlie Fletcher, though, so a big thanks to Mr. Fletcher for helping us out once again! This micro is an Ash Bud Moth (Prays fraxinella), and as its name suggests it feeds on ash buds. Its scientific name also refers to its feeding habits, as fraxinella refers to the ash tree, while Prays means gentle and soft. The moth comes in different forms: a lighter patterned one and ours which is the melanic form. It is important to clarify that this moth is not one of the pests or diseases currently plaguing ash trees –those pests are beetles such as the Emerald Ash Borer, in addition to certain fungi. 

Double Square Spot (Xestia triangulum)

In this trap we also had two Double Square Spots (Xestia triangulum), frequent visitors, but here we can see slight but noticeable variances in its forms.

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern] 

28 June 2018 - Flycatcher Predator

Barred Straw (Eulithis pyraliata)

After a day of mixed weather, the temperatures dropped extremely low on Wednesday night. Because of this, the trap was relatively empty when I checked it on Thursday morning, except for a smattering of some familiar friends.

A moth that I’ve encounter a few times now, but never been able to get a good picture of is the Barred Straw (Eulithis pyraliata). Even in rest, this moth is ready to zoom away at any given moment.

Light Emerald (illustration)

There was a Light Emerald (Campaea margarita) in the trap, however I couldn't take a photo because I only noticed it just before it took flight. I tried to follow it with the camera, but it was soon in the tree tops, out of my reach. Not out of reach, however, for a Flycatcher perched on a nearby branch. There was a battle in the skies as the flycatcher swooped in for the kill, but the Light Emerald managed to dodge the bird and flutter away in the light of day, safe for now.

Time to set the traps for the National Gardens Scheme evening opening tomorrow.  Come and see how many species can be found in an English garden 

Post by: Gabriella Morace [U Penn intern]

20 June 2018 - Pineapple Scented Moth

Gold Swift (Hepialus hecta) female

Mother Nature must follow this blog, for just as soon as I made the claim that no new species were left to be found at Shandy Hall she threw not one, but two new varieties our way. It’s more exciting than I could have imagined and I feel a bit like an explorer, even though I haven’t gone any further than the garden perimeters and have done nothing out of the ordinary. But nature works in unpredictable ways, and I’m simply grateful that I got to experience this once during my time here.

It took us a while to identify this moth as a Gold Swift (Hepialus hecta) – probably because there isn’t any gold on it. When we finally did make an identification, it was only with the help of the wonderful Mr. Charlie Fletcher, as we mistook the moth for a strange variation of a Map-winged Swift. It turns out the female Gold Swift is considerably duller than her male counterpart, as is the case with many birds and insects. The male Gold Swift spends his time flying around at dusk, spreading his pheromones into order to attract females with his pineapple like scent. Interestingly, the female disperses her eggs while in flight, across the bracken which is its main foodplant. Its scientific name is a little overemphasised, with both “hepialus” and “hecta” meaning feverish and hectic on account of its erratic flight patterns. 

Gold Swift (Fig 1 male.  Fig 2 female]

The illustrations of the Gold Swift show the clear distinction between the male and female of the species - we will keep our eyes open for the male.

Rufous Minor (Oligia versicolor)

The second new species is the Rufous Minor (Oligia versicolor). It’s a tricky moth to identify, because there are two other species that closely resemble it: the Marbled Minor and the Tawny Marbled Minor. These two species can only be told apart through dissection, but this Rufous Minor is distinctive enough that such measures aren’t necessary. What distinguishes it are those pale brown oval and kidney-marks, and the reddish brown tufts on its thorax. It flies from June to July and can be found throughout England, Wales, and southern Scotland –although it is most likely under recorded due to its resemblance to the aforementioned breeds.

And with that the number of species at Shandy Hall reaches 429! Exciting times!

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

19 June 2018 - National Moth Nights

Angle Shades (Phlogophora meticulosa)

Last weekend was National Moth Night, an annual three-day Lepidopterist extravaganza. At Shandy Hall, we celebrated by trapping on both Thursday and Saturday night –not an unusual occurrence, but done with a bit more zeal this time.
In our first trap on Thursday, we had quite a few stunners! 

Although the Angle Shades (Phlogophora meticulosa) is rather common in Britain, it is an unequivocal beauty. It gets its scientific name from the way that it quivers before taking flight. Resting, this moth has plicate wings (meaning that they are folded like a fan), which Linnaeus felt was its way of shrinking into itself, as if fearful.

Green Arches (Anaplectoides prasina)

We were graced with another grassy sojourner, this time a Green Arches Moth (Anaplectoides prasina). This moth is a beautiful deep emerald with complex etchings on its forewings. The one pictured here is in near perfect condition, although its plethora of color and intricate markings make it tricky to focus a camera on.

Barred Yellow (Cidaria fulvata)

The Barred Yellow (Cidaria fulvata) has been featured on the blog on a number of occasions, and it’s no wonder as it is a very pretty and striking moth. In Humphreys & Westwood, the entire life cycle of this moth is depicted, from caterpillar to chrysalis to moth. I’ll only include the illustration of the adult moth in this blog, however, because drawings of larvae and an oblong don’t make for particularly thrilling content.

Flame Shoulder (Ochropleura plecta)

On Saturday night there was a storm earlier in the evening, but thankfully it cleared up just in time to set the trap. Here a worn Flame shoulder (Ochropleura plecta) clings to a paintbrush. Its name comes from its pale costal streak and literally means “pale twisted rope.” Its picture in Humphreys & Westwood beautifully showcases this beam of light on its shoulder.  I've added another image (directly below) of one that was photographed from the first trap to show how the colours are much richer when the insect is freshly hatched.

Flame Shoulder (Ochhropleura plecta)

Flame Shoulder (illustration)
And an illustration to show the moth in flight.

Willow Beauty (Peribatodes rhomboidaria)

A prime Willow Beauty (Peribatodes rhomboidaria) was in the trap as well; a sophisticated and understated moth.

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

16 June 2018 - Moth from Dr Seuss

Pale-shouldered Brocade (Lacanobia thalassina)

The warm weather we experienced earlier this week brought new and old moths in similar measure –well new to me, that is. While I don’t think that we’ve identified all the moths that have ever graced the Sandy Hall gardens, I don’t anticipate discovering any new ones this summer. What, with 427 species already accounted for and climate change affecting the world in subtle but disastrous ways, the chances of a new moth turning up are slim. However, even if the species itself isn’t new, the individual moths are and each one offers up a new story to tell about the Shandy Hall ecosystem…

This Pale-shouldered Brocade (Lacanobia thalassina) is a subtle stunner, with its dark colors and delicate markings. It’s name means sea-colored (thalassina) vegetable-eater (Lacanobia), which might seem strange considering that its brown in color, not blue or green. The “sea color” here refers to its reddish brown hue, an allusion to Homer and his description of the sea being “wine-dark.”

Green Silver-lines (Pseudoips prasinana)

This is the Green Silver-lines (Pseudoips prasinana), one of two verdant visitors to the garden the other night. There are very few species of green British moths, so I feel very fortunate to have two in one catch! The Green Silver-lines and the Green Oak Tortrix (Tortrix viridana) are from two separate families of moth: the Noctuidae and the Tortricidae, respectively. The Noctuidaes, or Owlet moths, are the second largest family and are typically medium sized night-flyers. Their larvae are known as 'cut worms' and can do considerable damage to roots and plants. Tortricidea, or Tortrix moths, on the other hand, are generally quite small yet their larvae can completely defoliate trees.

Green Silver-lines (illustration)

Green Oak Tortrix (Tortrix viridana)

Although the Green Oak Tortrix is not a new species it has only been recorded once before at Shandy Hall - and that example was very worn.  This specimen is as bright and as green a moth as you could wish.

Elephant Hawk-moth (Deilephila elpenor)

Finally, there is the Elephant Hawk Moth (Deilephila elpenor), who is no stranger to the gardens and blog, but so gorgeous I can’t resist including a picture. This whimsical moth looks like it flew right out of a Dr. Seuss tale!

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]

15 June 2018 - Flames like Twigs

The Flame (Axylia putris)

It’s now been over a week since I arrived at Shandy Hall and just when I thought was getting a handle on things, a few new moths arrived that threw me off my game. There were a few mystery moths and a particularly enigmatic bird dropping micro, however none are new to the garden –but that doesn’t mean they don’t have new insights or information to offer the blog!

The Flame (Axylia putris) is an impressive piece of work; it looks almost exactly like a broken piece of twig. Axylia means 'cut wood' and putris means 'rotten', referring to the marking on the forewings and their resemblance to frayed, decaying timber.  It can be found in British Moths and their Transformations by Humphrey's and Westwood under the name Xylina putris. The genus Xylina is no longer, but it translates as 'from the woods' - an apt name considering woodland is its main habitat although it can be found in hedgerows and suburban habitats.

The Snout (Hypena proboscidalis)

The Snout (Hypena proboscidalis) is another interesting looking moth. Its name, unsurprisingly, mocks its rather long and unusual nose. This moth eats a healthy diet that consists entirely of nettle, and can be found virtually anywhere the plant grows. 

The Snout (illustration)

Marbled Minor (Oligia strigilis)

The Marbled Minor (Oligia strigilis) is a common moth, but one with so many different colors and slight variations that it can be difficult to identify.  On this prime individual, we can clearly see why it is called a Marbled Minor with its swooping black, white and grey markings.

(Celypha lacunana)

Celypha lacunana is one of the three 'bird-dropping' micro moths we found in the last moth trap.  Its name has changed entirely since the publishing of British Moths and their Transfomrations by Humphrey's and Westwood, in which it is identified as Oporinia tortricella.  As for the other micro moths. I was able to identify an Epiblema trimaculana with the help of Charlie Fletcher

Among the usual suspects were Buff Ermines, White Ermines, Silver-ground Carpets, Common Pugs (I think) and Plum Tortrices. No Poplar Hawk-moths and I have to say –I missed those gentle giants! Nothing too flashy in the trap this time, but I can’t wait to see what’s in store for the next catch!

Post by: Gabriella Morace [UPenn intern]